Evidence For Brain Entrainment
of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 11. No. 3, pp. 263-274, 1997
0892-3310/97© 1997 Society for Scientific Exploration.
Accessing Anomalous States of Consciousness with a Binaural Beat
The Monroe Institute, 62 Roberts Mountain Road, Faber, VA 22938-2317
Abstract - Exposure to binaural beats in an environment of restricted
stimulation coupled with a guidance process can safely provide access to
and experiences in many propitious states of consciousness. This method
requires a unique combination of well-understood psycho-physiological
inductive techniques with the addition of a refined binaural-beat
technology. Binaural beats provide potential consciousness-altering
information to the brain's reticular activating system. The
reticular activating system in turn interprets and reacts to this
information by stimulating the thalamus and cortex thereby altering
arousal states, intentional focus, and the level of awareness, i.e., the
elements of consciousness itself. This effective binaural-beat
process offers a wide variety of beneficial applications and vehicle for
the exploration of expanded states of consciousness.
The scientific evidence below is an extract from the E Book 'Secrets
of Brainwave Harmonics Revealed' and is available in the public domain.
Physiology & Behavior, Vol. 63. No. 2, pp. 249-252, 1998©1998
Elsevier Science Inc.
Binaural Auditory Beats Affect Vigilance Performance and Mood
JAMES D. LANE*, STEFAN J. KASIAMN*, JUSTINE E. OWENS** and GAIL R.
*Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Duke University
Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; and
**Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies,
School of Nursing, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
Received 18 July 1997; Accepted 29 August 1997
LANE, J. D., S. J. KASIAN, J. E. OWENS AND G. R. MARSH.
auditory beats affect vigilance performance and mood.
BEHAV 63 (2) 249 252, 1998. -
tones of slightly different frequency are presented separately to the
left and right ears the listener perceives a single tone that varies in
amplitude at a frequency equal to the frequency difference between the
two tones, a perceptual phenomenon known as the binaural auditory beat.
Anecdotal reports suggest that binaural auditory beats within the
electroencephalograph frequency range can entrain EEG activity and may
affect states of consciousness, although few scientific studies have
been published. This study compared the effects of binaural auditory
beats in the EEG beta and EEG theta/delta frequency ranges on mood and
on performance of a vigilance task to investigate their effects on
subjective and objective measures of arousal. Participants (n = 29)
performed a 30-min visual vigilance task on three different days while
listening to pink noise containing simple tones or binaural beats either
in the beta range (16 and 24 Hz) or the theta/delta range (1.5 and 4
Hz). However, participants were kept blind to the presence of binaural
beats to control expectation effects. Presentation of beta-frequency
binaural beats yielded more correct target detections and fewer false
alarms than presentation of theta/delta frequency binaural beats. In
addition, the beta-frequency beats were associated with less negative
mood. Results suggest that the presentation of binaural auditory beats
can affect psychomotor performance and mood. This technology may have
applications for the control of attention and arousal and the
enhancement of human performance. ©1998 Elsevier Science Inc.
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